-Heyde Syndrome:
. Heyde syndrome: a common diagnosis in older patients with severe aortic stenosis.
Massyn MW, Khan SA. Age Ageing. 2009 May;38(3):267-70; discussion 251. Epub 2009 Mar 10. Review.

1.  Heyde ED. Gastrointestinal bleeding in aortic stenosis. N Engl J Med.  1958;259:
196.

2.  Bhutani MS, Gupta SC, Markert RJ et al. A prospective controlled evaluation of
endoscopic detection of angiodysplasia and its association with aortic valve disease.  
Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:398-402.

3.  Mehta PM, Heinsimer JA, Bryg RJ et al.  Reassessment of the association
between gastrointestinal arteriovenous malformations and aortic stenosis.  AM J Med
1989;86:27507.

4.  Oneglia C, Sabatini T, Rusconi C et al. Prevelance of aortic valve stenosis in
patients affective by gastrointestinal angiodysplasia. Eur J Med 1993;2:75-8.  http:
//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8258021

5.  Pate GE, Mulligan A.  An epidemiological study of Heyde’s syndrome: an
association between aortic stenosis and gastrointestinal bleeding. J Heart Valve Dis
2004;13:713-6.

6.  Greenstein RJ, McElhinney AJ, Reuben D et al.  Colonic vascular ectasias and
aortic stenosis: coincidence or causal relationship? Am J Surg 1986;151:347-51.

7.  Batur P, Stewart WJ, Isaacson JH.  Increased prevalence of aortic stenosis in
patients with arteriovenous malformations of the gastrointestinal tract in Heyde
Syndrome.  Arch Intern Med 2003;163:81:490-4.

8.  Massyn MW, Khan SA. Heyde Syndrome: a common diagnosis in older patients
with severe aortic stenosis.  Age and Ageing 2009;38:267-70. http://ageing.
oxfordjournals.org/content/38/3/267.full

9.  Yoshida K, Tobe S, Kawatea M et al. Acquired and reversible von Willebrand
disease with high shear stress aortic valve stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg 2006;81:490-4.

10.  Olsson M, Hultcrantz R, Schulman S et al. Acquired platelet dysfunction many be
an aetiologic factor in Heyde’s syndrome- normalization of bleeding time after aortic
valve replacement. J Intern Med 2002;252:516-23.

11.  Morishima A, Marui A, Shimamoto T et al.  Successful aortic valve replacement
for Heyde Syndrome with confirmed hematological recovery. Ann Thorac Surg 2007;
83:287-8.

12.  King, RM, Pluth JR, Giuliani ER. The association of unexplained gastrointestinal
bleeding with calcific aortic stenosis. Am Thorac Surg 1987;44:514-6.