"Bernouilli is what drives any flow"
Normal Values
LVOT
LA Diameter
IVS thickness
PW thickness
LVED dim
LVES dim
LV EF
LV FS
LV Mass female
LV Mass male
EDV
ESV
1.8-2.4
2.1-3.7
0.7-1.1
0.7-1.1
4.0-5.7
2.0-4.0
50-80
21-40
<110
<125
97-155
30-68
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
%
%
g/m2
g/m2
mL
mL
LVOT VTI
LA Vol index
Mild LVH
Mod LVH
Sev LVH
Asc Ao
IVC
Decel Time (mitral inflow)
ET
dP/dt
Mitral annulus
TEI
TAPSE
18-22
> 34
> 1.2
> 1.4
> 1.6
3.7
< 2
120-160
220-230
> 1000
2-3
> 0.5
< 2.2
IVC:
Size            Insp Collapse        RAP
normal             >50%                   5
normal             <50%                  10
Dilated              Decreased           15
Dilated              No collapse          20
Hepatic Vein Systolic Reversal       20
cm
mL/m2
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
ms
ms
mmHg/sec
cm